Personnel Indicators

The Volkswagen Group including the Chinese joint venture employed on average 626,715 people (+3.0%) in financial year 2016. Domestically in 2016, on average 279,993 people were under contract; their share of the total workforce was slightly below the level of the previous year with 44.7% (45.6%). As of December 31, 2016, the number of active employees in the Volkswagen Group was at 601,443 (+2.8%). In addition, 5,782 employees were in the passive phase of partial retirement and 19,490 young people (+4.5%) were in a training relationship. At the end of the year under review the workforce of the Volkswagen Group came to 626,715 people (+3.0%). Essential factors for the rise in employee numbers were the hiring of qualified staff above all in Germany and China, the volume-based growth abroad and the staff increase in our new plants in Mexico and Poland. Domestically there were 281,518 people employed (+1.0%) by 31 December 2016, abroad 345,197 (+4.2%).

Number of Employees

in the Volkswagen Group by Segment

Graphic: Number of Employees

Workforce

in the Volkswagen Group

Graphic: Workforce

Number of Employees

in the Volkswagen Group by Type of Work

  2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Production workers 289,438 279,771 273,418 265,474 258,685
Non-production workers 317,787 311,654 300,709 289,623 274,364
Apprentices 19,490 18,651 18,459 17,703 16,714
Total workforce 626,715 610,076 592,586 572,800 549,763
of whom: active employees* 601,443 585,242 566,998 545,596 525,245
in passive phased retirement 5,782 6,183 7,129 9,501 7,804
  
*All employees with a current contract of employment in a Group company
who are involved in the value creation process.

Number of Employees

in the Volkswagen Group by Regions

  2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Europe 464,199 451,257 438,631 424,964 410,427
The Americas 58,491 59,329 59,790 61,796 63,193
Africa 6,082 6,388 6,330 6,356 6,461
Asia 96,823 91,991 86,752 78,672 68,704
Australia 1,120 1,111 1,083 1,012 978
Total 626,715 610,076 592,586 572,800 549,763
of whom: temporary staff 21,806 17,909 15,161 17,419 24,914
permanent staff 604,909 592,167 577,425 555,381 524,849

Female Employees*

in the Volkswagen Group (in %)

Graphic: Female Employees
*since 2011 incl. Scania.
Since 2013 incl. MAN and Porsche.

Proportion of Women1

in the Volkswagen Group in Germany (in %)

  2016 2015
Total management 11.0 10.3
Total apprentices 29.5 28.3
Industrial apprentices 23.3 22.6
Commercial apprentices 58.6 57.0
Students on “dual system” courses 33.5 33.4
University graduates recruited2 26.0 37.0
Total Volkswagen Group in Germany 18.1 17.8
 
1 Excl. Scania, MAN and Porsche.
2 Volkswagen AG.

It is the goal of the company to further increase the proportion of women from Group-wide 16.0%. This applies in particular to the management. In the year under review the proportion of women in the management circles of the Volkswagen Group in Germany could already be increased to 8.7% in upper management and 12.8% in the management circle (status at year-end without Scania, MAN or Porsche). In top management the proportion rose from 3.8% in 2015 to 4.7% in the year under review (status at year-end without Scania, MAN or Porsche).

Apprentices

in the Volkswagen Group

December 2016 Total Domestic Country Foreign Country
Volkswagen Passenger Cars 6,807 5,359 1,448
Audi 2,770 2,650 120
ŠKODA 913 2 911
Porsche 794 759 35
Porsche Holding Salzburg 2,042 1,116 926
SEAT 202 47 155
Bentley 155 0 155
Others 581 18 563
Automotive Division 14,264 9,951 4,313
MAN 3,145 2,245 900
Scania 944 0 944
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles 956 726 230
Commercial Vehicles/Power Engineering Division 5,045 2,971 2,074
Financial Services Division 181 143 38
Group 19,490 13,065 6,425

Apprentices

in the Volkswagen Group in Germany (in %)

Grafic: Apprentices
 
 

The percentage share of trainees in the total workforce of the Volkswagen Group has been around 5% for years. Collective regulations ensure that the number of trainees remains almost constant even in economically difficult times.

Level of Qualification*

in the Volkswagen Group (in %)

Graphics: Level of Qualification
*Without Scania.
Since 2014 incl. MAN.

Through targeted personnel selection, the Volkswagen Group employs a high share of qualified employees. Around 97% of employees have completed training.

Employee Age structure

in the Volkswagen Group (in %)

Grafik: Employee Age structure

Average Age

at Volkswagen AG

  2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Women 39.0 38.6 38.4 38.3 38.0
Men 44.2 43.7 43.6 43.7 43.4
Total 43.2 42.9 42.8 42.9 42.6

The average age in Volkswagen AG has remained relatively constant since 2011 – a sign that the adding of trained people and the departure due to age of long-standing employees is in balance.

Employee Turnover*

at Volkswagen AG (in %)

  2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Women 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
Men 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Total 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
  
* Not incl. age-related turnover.

The fluctuation rate states what percentage of employees leave the company in a year. The chart shows that the stability of the employment relationships at Volkswagen is very high.

Average period of Employment

at Volkswagen AG (in years)

Grafik: Average period of Employment

Absenteeism*

Cumulative values (in %)

Graphic: Absenteeism
* Production locations with over 1,000 employees, excluding Scania, MAN, Ducati, Shanghai Volkswagen Powertrain and Volkswagen Automatic Transmission. From 2014: including Porsche. From 2015: including MAN Germany.

Illness-related absence from the workplace not only represents a considerable cost factor for production companies but also a major logistical problem for staff deployment planning. A stronger offer in diagnostics and prevention can support a low working-time-lost ratio. The working time lost in the company is calculated according to the following formula: Absence days x 100/payment-relevant days (payment-relevant days are days on which work performance was expected from the employee).

Parental Leave*

at Volkswagen AG (in %)

  2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Women 821 718 601 537 472
Men 2,540 2,112 1,658 1,285 1,114
Total 3,361 2,830 2,259 1,822 1,586
  
*Number of employees who started their parental leave in the year in question.

Returning from Parental Leave

at Volkswagen AG (2016)

Graphic: Returning from Parental Leave

Foreign Service Employees*

in the Volkswagen Group

Grafik: Foreign Service Employees
*From 2013 incl. new Group companies MAN, Scania, Porsche AG, Ducati and Porsche Holding.

For the deployments from Germany we are talking about all employees from German group companies that found themselves on foreign assignment as of the reporting date (in each case December 31). The deployments to Germany include all assignments of foreign group employees in German group companies. The deployments “except Germany”, so-called third-country deployments, represent how many employees of foreign group companies were assigned to countries other than Germany or their respective homeland. This includes foreign assignments that take place on a contract basis (FSE assignments), business travellers are not included here.

Accident Indexes*

in the Volkswagen Group

Grafik: Unfallindizes
*Production locations excl. Scania.
From 2014 incl. MAN.

Accident Severity*

in the Volkswagen Group

Grafik: Unfallbelastung
*Production locations excl. Scania.
From 2014 incl. MAN.

The accident frequency index provides information about how frequently industrial accidents have happened, in relation to the total of all work hours performed. The underlying calculation formula reads as follows: the number of industrial accidents x 1 million/work hours performed. The accident severity index shows the severity of accidents by putting the number of workdays lost due to accidents in relation to the work hours performed. The underlying calculation formula reads as follows: the number of work days lost x 1 million/work hours performed x 10.